BY ALEX CROUCH
The West Indies Federation existed from 3rd January 1958 – 31st May 1962.
Its flag was designed by Edna Manley (1900-1987) who is considered to be the ‘mother of Jamaican art’. Her design was a blue background with four undulating horizontal white stripes to represent the Caribbean Sea, the upper two stripes reflecting the lower two. In its center sat an orange-gold disk – the Sun. Its ratio was 1:2.
Use in sport
The Federation competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome as Antilles and won two bronze medals in athletics. Their slightly modified flag had its white stripes spanning a greater area and the disk was a red-bronze colour. The West Indies Cricket Board’s crest (with white and green horizontal stripes) makes up the flag of its cricket teams, but the old Federation flag was flown during the 1999 Test match against Australia in Barbados.
Bonus Facts: The West Indies Federation merged: British Jamaica, British Trinidad, British Leeward Islands, British Windward Islands and Colony of Barbados. It was succeeded by: Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago and Turks & Caicos Islands.
Edna Manley was the wife of Norman Manley, who founded the (currently in power) Jamaican People’s National Party and was the nation’s Chief Minister/Premier from 1955-1962. Their son Michael served as Jamaican Prime Minister from 1972-1980 and 1989-1992.
Alex Crouch is a 2014 journalism graduate from Southampton Solent University. He has followed Formula One since before he started infant school, was a Games Maker during the London Paralympics and saw Pink Floyd reunite for one song at The O2 in London. Links: Twitter, blog, YouTube. Alex is an accredited Flag Institute journalist.